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Dishing up Easy Recipes and Forkin' Fun
How to: Handy Cooking Substitutions

How to: Handy Cooking Substitutions

"I'm ready to go in, Coach. Just give me a chance."

Lisa's a girl scout in the kitchen...she's always prepared. Me, on the other hand, I've been known to get halfway through a recipe only to realize that I'm missing a key ingredient. Now, thanks to this handy list of substitutions, I can forgo the cold sweat and corner-store-run and just call up the replacement...gotta love an understudy.

Apple Pie Spice
2 tsp ground cinnamon + 1 tsp ground nutmeg + pinch ground allspice = 1 tsp apple pie spice

Baking Powder
1/2 tsp cream or tartar + 1/4 tsp baking soda = 1 tsp baking powder

Bread Crumbs
1/2 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs or corn flakes = 1/2 cup dry bread crumbs

Buttermilk
1 tbsp lemon juice or vinegar + enough milk to make 1 cup = 1 cup buttermilk

Chocolate, Bittersweet
1 (1-ounce) square semi-sweet baking chocolate = 1 (1-ounce) square bittersweet baking chocolate

Chocolate, Unsweetened
3 tbsp unsweetened cocoa powder + 1 tbsp cooking oil = 1 ounce

Cream, Half & Half
3/4 cup whole milk + 1/4 cup whipping cream = 1 cup half & half

Flour, All-purpose
1 cup cake flour + 2 tbsp cake flour = 1 cup all-purpose flour

Flour, Pastry
2/3 cup all-purpose flour + 1/3 cup cake flour = 1 cup pastry flour

Garlic, Fresh
1/8 tsp garlic powder = 1 medium clove, chopped

Garlic, Salt
1/4 tsp garlic powder + 3/4 tsp salt = 1 tsp garlic salt

Ginger
3/4 tsp ground ginger = 1 tsp fresh grated ginger

Herbs, dried and fresh
1 tsp dried herbs = 1 tbsp fresh herbs

Italian Seasoning
1 tsp dried oregano + 1/2 tsp dried basil + 1/2 tsp dried thyme = 2 tsp Italian seasoning

Ketchup
1/2 cup tomato sauce + 2 tbsp sugar + 1 tbsp vinegar = 1/2 cup ketchup

Marshmallow Crème
16 large or 160 mini marshmallows + 2 tsp light corn syrup, made smooth in double boiler over simmering water = 1 cup marshmallow crème

Milk, Whole
1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water = 1 cup whole milk

Pumpkin Pie Spice
1/2 tsp ground cinnamon + 1/4 tsp ground ginger + 1/4 tsp ground nutmeg + 1/8 tsp ground cloves = 1 tsp pumpkin pie spice

Sugar, Light Brown
1 cup sugar + 2 tbsp molasses + 1 cup light brown sugar

Sugar, Powdered (aka Confectioner's)
1 cup sugar + 1/8 tsp cornstarch processed in food processor with metal blade = 1 cup powdered sugar

Tomato Juice
1/2 cup tomato sauce + 1/2 cup water = 1 cup tomato juice

Tomato Paste
1 cup tomato sauce cooked uncovered until reduced to 1/2 cup = 1/2 cup tomato paste


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